Geology


geologie2

geologie1

Most of the UNESCO Geopark “Ore of the Alps” lies in the greywacke zone, where rocks from the Paleozoic appear with rich ore deposits. The northern edge of the Geopark belongs to the Northern Limestone Alps, the southern edge to the Central Alps. The most important rocks of the three geological areas are slate, greywacke, phyllite, limestone and dolomite. These are partially covered by quaternary sedimentation from the Salzach glacier, such as moraine or gravel. The rich morphology encompasses limestone walls of a former reef, waterfalls, springs, rockslide areas, earth pyramids, cirque lakes, roches moutonnées, etc. Aside from these geological features, it is prehistoric and historical mining which leaves a clear stamp on the Geopark. The discovery of copper ore, but also of iron and gold, as far back as the Bronze Ages made this region one of the most important centers of mining in Europe. Today, you still find tunnels and entrances to mines from those times, which provide insights into the world of miners long ago, as you will mineral museums and archaeological evidence of mining activities in the surrounding countryside. Our task is to communicate this “GEO” diversity to visitors, and to preserve it for posterity.